Archaeological Activities: Cut-out Archaeology!

Today we're going to do some nice and relaxing cut-out activities, with an archaeological twist.

So, first of all, we're going to make out some cut-out versions of these: prehistoric housesm souterrains and Viking ships!

First up: prehistoric houses

Above: Reconstructed houses at Stonehenge, England

There are many different types of prehistoric houses across the world, and it depends what resources the inhabitants had, what the climate was like, and of course, how long ago it was: generally speaking, houses became more substantial as people stopped roving the countryside hunting animals and gathering crops, and, instead, they started to farm crops and look after domestic animals like cows and goats.

This link will take you to a fantastic Neolithic House which you can cut out and put together yourself.

Next up we have something really cool and mysterious - archaeologists still don't really know what they were used for...

They're called 'Souterrains', which comes from the French word for 'under' - sous, and terrain which means 'ground'. So where do you think you're most likely to find these structures? That's right...underground!

These structures are essentially long corridors, built from stone, often zig-zagging slightly. One of the best preserved souterrains can be found deep in Borgie Forest in Sutherland - Cracknie Souterrain.

You can see a great wee video of Cracknie souterrain here:

And here's CBP's Kenneth being eaten by the souterrain! You can see CBP's adventure to Cracknie here in this short video.

Souterrains have been found near or connected to brochs, too. A notable example is at The Cairns Broch in Orkney (below).

Archaeologist's still debate about what they were used for - what do you think were kept in

souterrains? Do you think it was food? It's nice and cool in these structures so would keep food fresh. Or maybe it was some sort of prison! It's scary in there, that's for sure!

So, are you ready to make your own Cracknie souterrain?